Social Studies - 2018-19
VUS.2a - Early Exploration and Settlements
The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the Age of Exploration by
a) describing the characteristics of early exploration and evaluating the impact of European settlement in the Americas;
Unit Essential Questions
How does the environment and geography impact our lives?
To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?
How does democracy shape the American experience?
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Early European exploration, colonization, and the system of enslavement resulted in the redistribution of the world’s population as millions of people from Europe and Africa voluntarily and involuntarily came to the New World.
Characteristics of early exploration and settlements in North America
New England was settled by Puritans seeking freedom from religious persecution in Europe. They formed a “covenant community” based on the principles of the Mayflower Compact and Puritan religious beliefs and were often intolerant of those not sharing their religion. They also sought economic opportunity and practiced a form of direct democracy through town meetings.
The Middle Atlantic region was settled chiefly by English, Dutch, and German-speaking immigrants seeking religious freedom and economic opportunity.
Virginia and the other Southern colonies were settled by people seeking economic opportunities. Some of the early Virginia settlers were “cavaliers” (i.e., English nobility who received large land grants in eastern Virginia from the King of England). Poor English immigrants also came seeking better lives as small farmers or artisans and settling in the Shenandoah Valley or western Virginia, or as indentured servants who agreed to work on tobacco plantations for a period of time to pay for passage to North America.
Jamestown, established in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London as a business venture, was the first permanent English settlement in North America. The Virginia House of Burgesses, established by the 1640s, was the first elected assembly in the New World. It has operated continuously and is known today as the General Assembly of Virginia.
|Terms & Events||People||Places|
House of Burgesses
Virginia Company of London
Athenian Model of Direct Democracy
Church of England
Caribbean, Central and South America settlements
Location of 13 Colonies and colonial regions