Social Studies - 2018-19

VUS.2a - Early Exploration and Settlements

The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the Age of Exploration by

a) describing the characteristics of early exploration and evaluating the impact of European settlement in the Americas;


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS


Unit Themes

Unit Essential Questions

Environment

How does the environment and geography impact our lives?

Economic Systems

To what extent does the American economy shape the American experience?

Government

How does democracy shape the American experience?


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Early European exploration, colonization, and the system of enslavement resulted in the redistribution of the world’s population as millions of people from Europe and Africa voluntarily and involuntarily came to the New World.

ESSENTIALS

Characteristics of early exploration and settlements in North America 

 New England was settled by Puritans seeking freedom from religious persecution in Europe. They formed a “covenant community” based on the principles of the Mayflower Compact and Puritan religious beliefs and were often intolerant of those not sharing their religion. They also sought economic opportunity and practiced a form of direct democracy through town meetings. 

 The Middle Atlantic region was settled chiefly by English, Dutch, and German-speaking immigrants seeking religious freedom and economic opportunity. 

 Virginia and the other Southern colonies were settled by people seeking economic opportunities. Some of the early Virginia settlers were “cavaliers” (i.e., English nobility who received large land grants in eastern Virginia from the King of England). Poor English immigrants also came seeking better lives as small farmers or artisans and settling in the Shenandoah Valley or western Virginia, or as indentured servants who agreed to work on tobacco plantations for a period of time to pay for passage to North America. 

 Jamestown, established in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London as a business venture, was the first permanent English settlement in North America. The Virginia House of Burgesses, established by the 1640s, was the first elected assembly in the New World. It has operated continuously and is known today as the General Assembly of Virginia.

KEY VOCABULARY

Terms & Events
People
Places

Covenant Community

Town Meetings

Direct Democracy

Mayflower Compact

House of Burgesses

General Assembly

Virginia Company of London

Persecution

Athenian Model of Direct Democracy

Middle Passage

Great Awakening

Church of England 

Representative Legislature


Cavaliers

Slaves

Indentured Servants

Artisans

Puritans

Dissenters

Artisans

Entrepreneurs

Quakers

Huguenots


Jamestown

Shenandoah Valley

Caribbean, Central and South America settlements

Location of 13 Colonies and colonial regions

Appalachian foothills



 





Updated: Jun 06, 2018