Social Studies - 2018-19

VS.9d - 20th Century Virginians

The student will demonstrate an understanding of Virginia during the twentieth century and beyond by

d) describing the political, social, or economic impact made by Maggie L. Walker; Harry F. Byrd, Sr.; Oliver W. Hill, Sr.; Arthur R. Ashe, Jr.; A. Linwood Holton, Jr.; and L. Douglas Wilder.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • So that I can understand that individuals can have a major impact on events and history.
  • So that I can understand the political, social, and economic impact that many individuals contributed to events in history.

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Many individuals from Virginia have had a political, social, and/or economic impact on life in Virginia during the twentieth century and beyond.

ESSENTIALS

Political, social, and economic contributions made by the following citizens

  • Maggie L. Walker was the first African American woman in the United States to establish a bank and become a bank president.
  • Harry F. Byrd, Sr., as governor of Virginia, was known for a “pay-as-you-go” policy for road improvements, and he modernized Virginia state government.
  • Oliver W. Hill, Sr., a lawyer and civil rights leader, worked for equal rights of African Americans. He played a key role in the Brown v. Board of Education decision.
  • Arthur R. Ashe, Jr., was the first African American winner of a major men’s tennis singles championship. He was also an author and eloquent spokesperson for social change.
  • A. Linwood Holton, Jr., as governor of Virginia, promoted racial equality and appointed more African Americans and women to positions in state government than previous governors had.
  • L. Douglas Wilder, as governor of Virginia, was the first African American to be elected a state governor in the United States.

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 18, 2018