Social Studies - 2018-19

VS.9a - Transition from Agricultural Society to Industrialized Society

The student will demonstrate an understanding of Virginia during the twentieth century and beyond by

a) describing the economic and social transition from a rural, agricultural society to a more urban, industrialized society.

Adopted: 2015


  • There are major differences between rural, agricultural societies and urban, industrialized societies.
  • Many factors can cause the growth of a city.
  • Technology affects many different parts of life and brings change.


During the twentieth century and beyond, Virginia changed from a rural, agricultural society to a more urban, industrialized society.


During the early twentieth century, agriculture began to change:

  • Mechanization (e.g., the tractor) and improvements in transportation changed farming.
  • Crop prices were low.

Growth of Virginia’s cities

  • People moved from rural to urban areas for economic opportunities.
  • Technological developments in transportation (roads, railroads, and streetcars) helped cities grow.
  • Coal mining spurred the growth of Virginia.

During the twentieth century, Northern Virginia experienced growth due to an increase in the number of federal government jobs located in the region.

In the late twentieth century and the early twenty-first century, Northern Virginia and the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region have grown due to computer technology.

People have moved to Virginia from many other states and countries.

Virginia’s population has become increasingly diverse as people have moved to the state from many other states and countries.


Updated: May 18, 2018