Social Studies - 2018-19

VS.8b - Segregation and Jim Crow

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the reconstruction of Virginia following the Civil War by

b) identifying the effects of segregation and “Jim Crow” on life in Virginia for American Indians, whites, and African Americans.

Adopted: 2015


  • People are cruel to other people for many different reasons. (Man's inhumanity to man.)
  • Prejudice is an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc. It is not based on any logical reason.
  • Power can cause a person or group to act unfairly to others.
  • Prejudice can be carried out by laws or just in the way people act toward one another.


The freedoms and rights that had been promised to African Americans were slowly taken away after Reconstruction, and it would take years to win them back.

“Jim Crow” laws affected African Americans and American Indians.


Terms to know

  • segregation: The separation of people, usually based on race or religion
  • discrimination: An unfair difference in the treatment of people

During Reconstruction, African Americans began to have power in Virginia’s government, and black and white men could vote and hold office.

After Reconstruction, these gains were lost when “Jim Crow” laws were passed by southern states. “Jim Crow” laws legally established segregation, or separation of the races, and reinforced prejudices held by whites.

Effects of “Jim Crow” laws on the lives of African Americans and American Indians included

  • experiencing unfair poll taxes and voting tests that were established to keep them from voting
  • difficulty voting or holding public office
  • being forced to use separate, poor-quality facilities and services, such as drinking fountains, restrooms, and restaurants
  • attending separate schools.

Segregation and discrimination had an impact on

  • housing
  • employment
  • health care
  • political representation
  • education.


Updated: May 18, 2018