Social Studies - 2018-19
VS.7c - Roles During the Civil War
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the issues that divided our nation and led to the Civil War by
c) describing the roles of American Indians, whites, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans.
- War is a major conflict between groups of people, nations, or states.
- One person can affect the outcome of important events.
- Different groups of people are affected in different ways by events in history.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
American Indians, whites, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans had various roles during the Civil War.
Varied roles of American Indians, whites, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans during the Civil War
- Many American Indians did not take sides during the Civil War.
- Most white Virginians supported the Confederacy.
- The Confederacy relied on enslaved African Americans to raise crops and provide labor for the army.
- Many enslaved African Americans sought freedom by following the Union Army, where many found work. Some women and men provided labor, and some men fought for the Union Army.
- Some free African Americans joined the Union Army and Union Navy.