Social Studies - 2018-19

VS.7b - Virginia's Roles in the Civil War

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the issues that divided our nation and led to the Civil War by

b) describing Virginia’s role in the war, including identifying major battles that took place in Virginia.

Adopted: 2015


  • War is a major conflict between groups of people, nations, or states.
  • In a war, the outcome of a battle is often determined by the amount of land gained or lost, or the number of lives lost.
  • One person can affect the outcome of important events.


Virginia played a significant role in the Civil War and became a major battleground between Union and Confederate troops.

Virginians played a significant role in the Civil War.


Major Civil War battles fought in Virginia

  • The First Battle of Bull Run (also known as the Battle of First Manassas) was the first major clash of the Civil War. Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson played a major role in this battle.
  • General Robert E. Lee, Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, defeated Union troops at Fredericksburg, Virginia.
  • Richmond was the capital of the Confederacy. It fell to General Ulysses S. Grant and was burned by the Confederacy near the end of the war. Fires were set by retreating Confederate forces to keep war supplies from approaching Union forces.
  • President Abraham Lincoln used the Union navy to blockade southern ports. An important sea battle between the Monitor (Union) and the Merrimack (Confederacy), two ironclad ships, took place in Virginia waters near Norfolk and Hampton. The battle was fought to a draw.
  • The Civil War ended at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, where Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant in April 1865.


Updated: May 18, 2018