Social Studies - 2018-19

VS.5c - American Victory at Yorktown

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the role of Virginia in the American Revolution by

c) identifying the importance of the American victory at Yorktown.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • War is a major conflict between groups of people, nations, or states.
  • In a war, the outcome of a battle is often determined by the amount of land gained or lost, or the number of lives lost.



UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The last major battle of the Revolutionary War was fought at Yorktown, Virginia.

The Battle of Great Bridge was the first land battle fought in Virginia during the American Revolution. 

The actions of Jack Jouett prevented the capture of key members of the Virginia General Assembly. 

ESSENTIALS

The American victory at Yorktown resulted in the surrender of the British army in 1781, which led to the end of the war.

While this victory did not end the war, it was the last significant military battle involving British forces and the Continental Army.

The war ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

The Battle of Great Bridge was the first land battle of the American Revolution fought in Virginia.
 
The American victory forced the British colonial governor to flee the City of Norfolk. 
Jack Jouett rode on horseback through the backwoods of Virginia to Charlottesville to warn Thomas Jefferson, then the governor of Virginia, that the British were coming to arrest him and members of the General Assembly.

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 18, 2018