Social Studies - 2018-19

VS.5b - American Revolution Era

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the role of Virginia in the American Revolution by

b) identifying the various roles of American Indians, whites, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans in the Revolutionary War era, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, the Marquis de Lafayette, and James Lafayette.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • War is a major conflict between groups of people, nations, or states.
  • Individuals and/or groups can make important contributions to help the side that they support in a war.
  • In battles and wars, leadership is important.
  • There are different types of leaders.
  • People are motivated to fight in a war for different reasons.


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Virginians made significant contributions during the Revolutionary War era.

American Indians, whites, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans had various roles during the American Revolution.


ESSENTIALS

Varied roles of American Indians, whites, enslaved African Americans, and free African Americans in the Revolutionary War era

  • Virginia patriots served in the Continental Army and fought for independence, leading to the British surrender at Yorktown.
  • Some American Indians fought alongside the Virginia patriots, while others fought with the British.
  • Some Virginians were neutral and did not take sides, while other Virginians remained loyal to Great Britain.
  • Women took on more responsibilities to support the war effort.
  • Some enslaved African Americans supported the British, who promised them freedom.
  • Some free African Americans fought for independence from Great Britain.

Contributions of Virginians during the Revolutionary War era

  • George Washington provided military leadership by serving as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
  • Thomas Jefferson provided political leadership by expressing the reasons for colonial independence from Great Britain in the Declaration of Independence.
  • Patrick Henry inspired patriots from other colonies when he spoke out against taxation without representation by saying “give me liberty or give me death.”
  • The Marquis de Lafayette, a French nobleman, volunteered his service to the Continental Army during the American Revolution. The king of France provided French troops, ships, and money. The Marquis de Lafayette contributed to the victory at Yorktown.
  • James Lafayette, an enslaved African American from Virginia, served as a spy in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. He successfully requested his freedom after the war with the support of the Marquis de Lafayette.

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 18, 2018