Social Studies - 2018-19
VS.5a - Reasons for the American Revolution
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the role of Virginia in the American Revolution by
a) identifying the reasons why the colonies went to war with Great Britain, as expressed in the Declaration of Independence.
- Conflict develops between individuals, groups, and countries for different reasons.
- One reason for conflict is a difference in beliefs over who has the authority for a group.
- One political belief is that the authority for government belongs to the people who are governed.
- One political belief is that the authority for government belongs to the king.
- All people are created equal.
- All people have certain rights.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Conflicts developed between the colonies and Great Britain over how the colonies should be governed.
The Declaration of Independence gave reasons for independence and ideas for self-government.
The colonists and the British Parliament disagreed over how the colonies should be governed:
- Parliament believed it had legal authority in the colonies, while the colonists believed their local assemblies had legal authority.
- Parliament believed it had the right to tax the colonies, while the colonists believed they should not be taxed because they had no representation in Parliament.
The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson, states that authority to govern belongs to the people rather than to kings and that all people are created equal and have rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.