Social Studies - 2018-19

VS.2c - Water Features

The student will demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between physical geography and the lives of the native peoples, past and present, of Virginia by

c) locating and identifying water features important to the early history of Virginia (Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake Bay, James River, York River, Potomac River, Rappahannock River, and Lake Drummond and the Dismal Swamp)


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • Virginia's water features were important to the early history of VA.
  • Virginia's rivers provided transportation and food for the American Indians.
  • Lake Drummond and the Dismal Swamp were once explored by George Washington and are still important in present day Virginia. 

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Water features were important to the early history of Virginia.

Many early Virginia cities developed along the Fall Line, the natural border between the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions, where the land rises sharply and waterfalls prevent further travel on the river.

The four major rivers that flow into the Chesapeake Bay are separated by peninsulas.

The Chesapeake Bay separates the Eastern Shore from the mainland of Virginia.


ESSENTIALS

Term to know

  • Peninsula: A piece of land bordered by water on three sides

Water features

  • Atlantic Ocean
    • Provided transportation links between Virginia and other places (e.g., Europe, Africa, Caribbean)
  • Chesapeake Bay
    • Provided a safe harbor
    • Was a source of food and transportation
  • James River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Richmond and Jamestown located along the James River
  • York River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Yorktown located along the York River
  • Potomac River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Alexandria located along the Potomac River
  • Rappahannock River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Fredericksburg located on the Rappahannock River
  • Lake Drummond
    • Located in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region
    • Shallow natural lake surrounded by the Dismal Swamp
  • Dismal Swamp
    • Located in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region
    • Variety of wildlife

Each river was a source of food and provided a pathway for exploration and settlement of Virginia.

The Eastern Shore is a peninsula bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 18, 2018