Social Studies - 2018-19

3.5 - Location of Major Ancient World Cultures

The student will develop map skills and an understanding of change over time by locating major ancient world cultures on world maps

a) at the beginning of their culture;

b) during their period of greatest influence; and

c) today.


Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

  • So that I know simple geographic skills and tools help us understand the places on the Earth, as well as spatial relationships
  • So that I can know how relative location helps me find a places by noticing what is near it
  • So that I know how absolute location helps me find a place by using its exact address (letter-number grid system, street address, etc.)
  • So that I know regions can be identified by different characteristics (culture, climate, government, physical features, etc.)


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The sizes and locations of ancient world cultures have changed over time.

ESSENTIALS

Viewing maps of ancient civilizations during different time periods helps students begin to understand changes in relationships among peoples, places, and environments.

Location of ancient world cultures at the beginning of their culture

Ancient China was located in eastern Asia centered on the Huang He River.

Ancient Egypt was located along the Nile River in northeast Africa.

Ancient Greece was located on a peninsula with many islands, surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea.

Ancient Rome was located by a river on a peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea.

The West African empire of Mali was located by a river in a grassland region in west Africa.

Location of ancient world cultures during their period of greatest influence

Ancient China spread southward to the Yangtze River.

Ancient Egypt spread southward along the Nile River and eastward and westward along the Mediterranean coast.

Ancient Greece spread throughout the eastern Mediterranean region.

Ancient Rome spread throughout the Mediterranean region and most of western Europe.

The West African empire of Mali spread westward to the Atlantic coast and northward into the Sahara desert.

Location of ancient world cultures today

China includes most of East Asia westward into the deserts of Central Asia.

Egypt is located in the northeastern corner of Africa along the Nile River.

Greece is located on a peninsula with many islands, surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea.

Rome is a city located in present-day Italy.

Mali is a country located in West Africa.

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 29, 2018