Social Studies - 2018-19

USII.7c - World War II Homefront

The student will apply social science skills to understand the major causes and effects of American involvement in World War II by

c) explaining and evaluating the impact of the war on the home front.

Adopted: 2015



World War II affected every aspect of American life.

Americans were asked to make sacrifices in support of the war effort and the ideals for which Americans fought.


American involvement in World War II brought an end to the Great Depression. Factories and workers were needed to produce goods to win the war.

Thousands of American women (e.g., Rosie the Riveter) took jobs in defense plants during the war.

Americans at home supported the war by conserving and rationing resources (e.g., victory gardens, ration books, scrap drives).

The need for workers temporarily broke down some racial barriers (e.g., hiring in defense plants), although discrimination against African Americans continued.

While many Japanese Americans served in the armed forces, others were treated with distrust and prejudice, and many were forced into internment camps in the United States.


Updated: May 16, 2018