Social Studies - 2018-19
USII.5c - World War I
The student will apply social science skills to understand the changing role of the United States from the late nineteenth century through World War I by
c) evaluating and explaining the reasons for the United States’ involvement in World War I and its international leadership role at the conclusion of the war.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The United States’ involvement in World War I set the stage for it to emerge as a global superpower later in the twentieth century.
Reasons for the United States’ involvement in World War I
Inability to remain neutral
German submarine warfare (sinking of the Lusitania)
United States economic and political ties to Great Britain
The Zimmermann Telegram
Major Allied Powers
Russia (until 1917)
United States leadership as the war ended
At the end of World War I, President Woodrow Wilson prepared a peace plan known as the Fourteen Points that called for the formation of the League of Nations, a peacekeeping organization.
The United States Senate did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles because of a desire to resume prewar isolationism. The United States did not become a member of the League of Nations.