Social Studies - 2018-19
USII.4b - Growth of Cities
The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by
b) explaining the reasons for the increase in immigration, growth of cities, and challenges arising from this expansion;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Population changes, growth of cities, and new inventions produced interaction and often conflict between different cultural groups.
Social and technological changes presented challenges in urban areas.
Reasons for the increase in immigration
Hope for better opportunities
Desire for religious freedom
Escape from oppressive governments
Desire for adventure
Reasons why cities grew and developed
Specialized industries, including steel (Pittsburgh) and meatpacking (Chicago)
Immigration to America from other countries
Movement of Americans from rural to urban areas for job opportunities
Rapid industrialization and urbanization led to overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements.
Efforts to solve immigration problems
Settlement houses such as Hull House, founded by Jane Addams
Political machines (e.g., Boss Tweed) that gained power by attending to the needs of new immigrants (e.g., jobs, housing)
Discrimination against immigrants
Challenges faced by cities
Tenements and ghettos
Political corruption (political machines)