Social Studies - 2018-19

USI.9d - Key Individuals of the Civil War

The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by  

d) describing the roles of Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, and Frederick Douglass in events leading to and during the war; 

Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Lincoln and Lee were men who represented views of the nature of the United States that were very different; such views led to an unavoidable conflict. 


ESSENTIALS

Roles of Civil War leaders 

 Abraham Lincoln 

o Was president of the United States 

o Opposed the spread of slavery 

o Issued the Emancipation Proclamation 

o Was determined to preserve the Union, by force if necessary 

o Believed the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent states 

o Wrote the Gettysburg Address that said the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people” 

 Jefferson Davis 

o Was president of the Confederate States of America 

 Ulysses S. Grant 

o Was general of the Union army that defeated Lee 

 Robert E. Lee

o Was leader of the Army of Northern Virginia 

o Was offered command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war, but chose not to fight against Virginia 

o Opposed secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by force 

o Urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to fight on 

 Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson 

o Was a skilled Confederate general from Virginia 

 Frederick Douglass 

o Was a former enslaved African American who promoted African American involvement in the Civil War 

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 16, 2018