Social Studies - 2018-19
USI.9a - Issues that Divided the Nation
The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by
a) describing the cultural, economic, and constitutional issues that divided the nation;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Cultural, economic, and constitutional differences between the North and the South eventually resulted in the Civil War.
Issues that divided the nation
o While there were several differences between the North and the South, the issues related to slavery increasingly divided the nation and led to the Civil War.
o Much of America’s economy revolved around the institution of slavery.
o The North was mainly an urban society in which people held jobs in cities.
o The South was primarily an agricultural society in which people lived in small villages and on farms and plantations.
o Because of their cultural differences, people of the North and South found it difficult to agree on social and political issues. Economic issues
o The North was more of a manufacturing region, and its people favored tariffs that protected factory owners and workers from foreign competition.
o The South was largely agricultural. Southerners opposed tariffs that would cause prices of manufactured goods to increase. Planters were also concerned that Great Britain might stop buying cotton from the South if tariffs were added.
o A major conflict was states’ rights versus strong central government.