Social Studies - 2018-19
USI.8d - Impact of Inventions
The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by
d) describing the impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, the reaper, the steamboat, and the steam locomotive, on life in America;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Prior to the Civil War, most industrialization in America was in the North; however, the equipment produced in the North had an impact on the farming society of the South.
Terms to know
inventor: A person who is the first to think of or make something
entrepreneur: A person who organizes resources to bring a new or better good or service to market in hopes of earning a profit
New technologies and their impact on society
The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton.
Jo Anderson, an enslaved African American, and Cyrus McCormick worked to invent the reaper. McCormick was an entrepreneur who brought the reaper to market. The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer.
The steamboat was improved by the entrepreneur Robert Fulton. It eventually provided faster river transportation connecting Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories.
The steam locomotive provided faster land transportation.