Social Studies - 2018-19

USI.5c - Colonial Specialization & Interdependence

The student will apply social science skills to understand the factors that shaped colonial America by  

c) describing specialization of and interdependence among New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies; 

Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Economic specialization and interdependence existed among the colonies in the production of goods and services. 

Specialization increases productivity. It also requires trade and increases interdependence. 


ESSENTIALS

Terms to know 

 specialization: Focus on producing one product or a few products 

 interdependence: Two or more people depending on others 

 New England colonies 

 Specialization 

o Fishing, shipbuilding, naval supplies, metal tools, equipment 

 Examples of interdependence 

o The New England colonies depended on the Southern colonies for crops such as tobacco, rice, cotton, and indigo.  

o They depended on the Mid-Atlantic colonies for livestock and grains. 

Mid-Atlantic colonies 

 Specialization 

o Livestock, grains, fish 

 Examples of interdependence 

o The Mid-Atlantic colonies traded with the Southern and New England colonies to get the products they did not produce.  

o The Mid-Atlantic colonies depended on the Southern colonies for tobacco, rice, indigo, and forest products.  

o They traded with the New England colonies for metal tools and equipment. 

Southern colonies 

 Specialization 

o Tobacco, rice, indigo, forest products (lumber, tar, pitch) 

 Examples of interdependence 

o The Southern colonies depended on the New England colonies for manufactured goods, including metal tools and equipment.  

o They depended on the Mid-Atlantic colonies for grains and other agricultural products not plentiful in the South. 


KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 16, 2018