Social Studies - 2018-19

USI.5b - Colonial Regions

The student will apply social science skills to understand the factors that shaped colonial America by  

b) describing life in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies, with emphasis on how people interacted with their environment to produce goods and services; 

Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Geographic features influenced life in the colonies. 

The colonies consisted of different groups of people whose lives varied greatly depending on their social position. 


ESSENTIALS

Term to know 

 resources: natural, capital, or human 

Interactions of people and environment New England 

 Geography and climate 

o Appalachian Mountains, harbors, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline 

o Moderate summers, cold winters 

 Resources 

o Natural resources: timber, fish, deep harbors 

o Human resources: skilled craftsmen, fishermen, merchants, shipbuilders 

o Capital resources: tools, buildings 

 Social life 

o Village, school, and church as center of life 

o Religious reformers and separatists 

 Political and civic life 

o Town meetings 

Mid-Atlantic 

 Geography and climate 

o Appalachian Mountains, coastal plains, harbors, rivers, rich farmlands 

o Moderate climate 

 Resources 

o Natural resources: rich farmlands, rivers 

o Human resources: unskilled and skilled workers, farmers, fishermen, merchants 

o Capital resources: tools, buildings 

  Social life 

o Villages and cities 

o Diverse cultural backgrounds 

o Diverse religions 

 Political and civic life 

o Market towns

South 

 Geography and climate 

o Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, harbors, rivers, fertile farmland 

o Humid climate 

 Resources 

o Natural resources: fertile farmlands, rivers, harbors, forests 

o Human resources: farmers, enslaved African Americans, indentured servants 

o Capital resources: tools, buildings 

 Social life 

o Plantations, mansions, few cities, few schools 

o Church of England 

 Political and civic life 

o Counties 



KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: May 16, 2018