Science - 2018-19

1.5bc - Animal Characteristics

The student will investigate and understand that animals, including humans, have basic needs and certain distinguishing characteristics. Key concepts include

b)  animals, including humans, have many different physical characteristics; and

  •  make and communicate observations of live animals, including humans, about their needs, physical characteristics, and where they live.   Bloom's Level:  KnowledgeUnderstanding
  •  identify and chart simple characteristics by which animals can be classified, including body coverings (hair, fur, feathers, scales, and shells), body shape, appendages (arms, legs, wings, fins, and tails), methods of movement (walking, crawling, flying, and swimming), wild or domestic, and water homes or land homes.  Bloom's Level: Understanding / Create

c)  animals can be classified according to a variety of characteristics.

  • distinguish between wild animals (raccoon, hawk, squirrel, shark) and domestic animals (dog, cat, sheep) and recognize examples of each.  Bloom's Level: AnalyzeUnderstanding
  • infer types of animal homes (water or land), using the physical characteristics of the animals, such as scales and fins that allow fish to live and move in water or fur and legs that allow dogs to live and move on land.  Bloom's Level: Apply
  • classify animals by where they live (their homes).  Bloom's Level: Understanding



Adopted: 2010

BIG IDEAS

Animals have needs and can be classified into groups.


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

  • Body coverings include hair, fur, feathers, scales, and shells.
  • Appendages are parts, such as arms, legs, wings, fins, and tails, which extend from the main body and have specific functions. Students do not need to know the term appendage. The focus should be on the concept, not the terminology.
  • Methods of movement may include walking, crawling, flying, and swimming.
  • Simple ways to classify animals are whether they are wild or domestic and whether they live on land or in water.


ESSENTIALS

Essential Questions:

  • How are animals classified?
  • How do coverings, body shape, appendages, and movement help animals survive?

In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

  • make and communicate observations of live animals, including humans, about their needs, physical characteristics, and where they live.
  • describe the life needs of animals, including air, food, water, shelter, and space.
  • identify and chart simple characteristics by which animals can be classified, including body coverings (hair, fur, feathers, scales, and shells), body shape, appendages (arms, legs, wings, fins, and tails), methods of movement (walking, crawling, flying, and swimming), wild or domestic, and water homes or land homes.
  • distinguish between wild animals (raccoon, hawk, squirrel, shark) and domestic animals (dog, cat, sheep) and recognize examples of each.
  • infer types of animal homes (water or land), using the physical characteristics of the animals, such as scales and fins that allow fish to live and move in water or fur and legs that allow dogs to live and move on land.
  • classify animals by where they live (their homes).


KEY VOCABULARY

air

animals

body coverings (hair, fur, feathers, scales, shells)

body parts (arms, legs, wings, fins, tails)

body shape

chart

classify

food

home

humans

land homes

living

movement (walking, crawling, flying, swimming)

needs

nonliving

observe

physical characteristics

shelter

space

survive

tame (dog, cat, sheep)

water

water

wild (raccoon, hawk, squirrel, shark)


Updated: Jul 14, 2016