Social Studies - 2018-19

WG.18 b - Cooperation Among Political Jurisdictions

The student will apply social science skills to analyze how forces of conflict and cooperation affect the division and control of Earth’s surface by 

b) describing ways cooperation among political jurisdictions is used to solve problems and settle disputes. 

(moved from WG.10)

Adopted: 2015


Theme: Conflict & Cooperation

How do political divisions affect the way we live and interact?

How do political divisions unite and divide us?


Political divisions or jurisdictions establish social, economic, and political relationships that may enhance cooperation or cause conflict. 

Cooperation may eliminate the need for the division and control of Earth’s surface. 


Examples of political divisions 

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 
  • European Union (EU) 
  • United Nations (UN) 
  • Organization of American States (OAS) 
  • League of Arab States 
  • African Union (AU) 

Reasons for political divisions 

  • Differences in culture, language, religion 
  • Retention of historical boundaries 
  • Imperial conquest and control 
  • Economic similarities and differences 

Reasons for conflict 

  • Boundary and territorial disputes (Syria–Israel, Western Sahara–Morocco, China–Taiwan, India–Pakistan) 
  • Cultural differences: Canada (Québec)
  • Economic differences (fertile land, access to fresh water, access to coast, fishing rights, natural resources, different economic philosophies)
  • Ethnic differences (Kurds) 

Examples of cooperation 

  • Humanitarian initiatives (e.g., Red Cross and Red Crescent)
  • Cultural alliances (e.g., Francophone world, Commonwealth of Nations)
  • Problem-solving alliances (e.g., Antarctica Treaty, United Nations [UN] peacekeepers)
  • Programs to promote international understanding (e.g., Peace Corps)


Updated: Jun 13, 2018