Every science lesson should include a process skills standard AND a content standard. Additionally, investigations should be conducted to practice multiple process skills EACH nine weeks.

Process Skills Standards

The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which
BIO.1 a) observations of living organisms are recorded in the lab and in the field; 
BIO.1 b) hypotheses are formulated based on direct observations and information from scientific literature; 
BIO.1 c) variables are defined and investigations are designed to test hypotheses; 
BIO.1 d) graphing and arithmetic calculations are used as tools in data analysis; 
BIO.1 e) conclusions are formed based on recorded quantitative and qualitative data; 
BIO.1 f) sources of error inherent in experimental design are identified and discussed; 
BIO.1 g) validity of data is determined; 
BIO.1 h) chemicals and equipment are used in a safe manner; 
BIO.1 i) appropriate technology including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware, is used for gathering and analyzing data, communicating results, modeling concepts, and simulating experimental conditions; 
BIO.1 j) research utilizes scientific literature; 
BIO.1 k) differentiation is made between a scientific hypothesis, theory, and law;
BIO.1 l) alternative scientific explanations and models are recognized and analyzed; and 
BIO.1 m) current applications of biological concepts are used.

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Unit 1 – The Science of Biology
(6 days)
BIO.1 - Scientific Investigation & Measurement

Unit 2 – The Chemistry of Life
(8 days)
BIO.2 a-c - Biochemistry

Unit 3 – Cell Structure & Function
(15 days)
BIO.3 - Cell Structure & Function

Unit 4 – Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis
(9 days)
BIO.2 c-d - Enzymes, Photosynthesis, & Respiration
BIO.3 e - Volume to Surface Area Ratio
BENCHMARK ASSESSMENT CUTOFF

Unit 5 – Cell Growth & Division
(7 days)
BIO.5 a-c - Cell Reproduction

Unit 6 – DNA & RNA
(12 days)
BIO.2 b-c - Macromolecules & Enzymes
BIO.5 e-h, j - Cell Growth & Heredity
BIO.6 d - Cell Growth & Heredity

Unit 7 – Introduction to Genetics
(13 days)
BIO.5 a-d, f, i-j - Cell Growth & Heredity

Unit 8 – The Human Genome
(9 days)
BIO.5 f, i-j - Cell Growth & Heredity
BIO.6 d - Cell Growth & Heredity

Unit 9 – Genetic Engineering
(5 days)
BIO.5 f, i-j - Cell Growth & Heredity

Unit 10 – Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
(8 days)
BIO.6 - Classification
BIO.7 - Changes of Populations

Unit 11 – The History of Life & Evolution of Population
(10 days)
BIO.5 f - Genetic Variation
BIO.6 b - Fossil Record
BIO.7 a, c-e - Changes of Populations

Unit 12 – Classification
(5 days)
BIO.3 b - Cell Structure & Function
BIO.4 a-c - Archaea, Bacteria, & Eukarya
BIO.6 - Classification

Unit 13 – Bacteria & Viruses
(5 days)
BIO.4 - Archaea, Bacteria, & Eukarya

Unit 14 – Protists
(5 days)
BIO.3 c - Organelles
BIO.4 a, c-d - Variations within Kingdoms & Human Health

Unit 15 – Fungi
(5 days)
BIO.5 a, c-d - Cell Reproduction

Unit 16 – Plants
(9 days)
BIO.2 a - Water Chemistry
BIO.4 a-c - Archaea, Bacteria, & Eukarya
BIO.5 b-c - Gametes & Cell Specialization
BIO.6 a - Similarities Among Organisms

Unit 17 – Animals
(10 days)
BIO.4 c - Archaea, Bacteria, & Eukarya
BIO.6 a - Similarities Among Organisms

Unit 18 - Ecosystems & Communities
(10 days)
BIO.2 d - Photosynthesis & Respiration
BIO.8 - Populations, Communities, & Ecosystems

SOL REVIEW & ASSESSMENTS

38 Days 41 Days 52 Days 49 Days
ELL 6-12 Standards