Every science lesson should include a process skills standard AND a content standard. Additionally, investigations should be conducted to practice multiple process skills EACH nine weeks.

Process Skills Standards

The student will plan and conduct investigations using experimental design and product design processes.  Key concepts include

PH.1 a) the components of a system are defined;

PH.1 b) instruments are selected and used to extend observations and measurements;

PH.1 c) information is recorded and presented in an organized format;

PH.1 d) the limitations of the experimental apparatus and design and recognized;

PH.1 e) the limitations of measured quantities are recognized through the appropriate use of significant figure or error ranges;

PH.1 f) models and simulations are used to visualize and explain phenomena, to make predictions from hypotheses, and to interpret data; and

PH.1 g) appropriate technology, including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware, is used for gathering and analyzing data and communicating results.

#### Quarter 4

Unit 1 - Introduction, Measurement, & Estimating
(5 days)
PH.2 b-c - Graphically Represented Relationships
PH.1 - Scientific Investigation
PH.3 - Scientific Reasoning and Logic

Unit 2 - Describing Motion: Kinematics in One Dimension
(10 days)
PH.2 a-d - Data Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.5 a - Mass, Distance, Force, and Time

Unit 3 - Kinematics in Two Dimensions & Vectors
(10 days)
PH.2 e - Systems Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.5 a, c - Linear and Projectile Motion

Unit 4 - Dynamics: Newton's Laws of Motion
(10 days)
PH.2 - Data Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.5 a-d - Linear, Circular, and Projectile Motion

Unit 7 - Circular Motion & Gravitation
(13 days)
PH.2 a, e - Mathematical Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.5 b, d-f - Motion and Gravity
PH.10 a - Gravitational, Electric, and Magnetic Forces

Unit 8 - Rotational Motion
(10 days)
PH.2 a, e - Mathematical Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.5 b - Uniform Circular Motion

Unit 9 - Fluids
(7 days)
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World

Unit 10 - Heat
(10 days)
PH.2 a-d - Data Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.7 - Energy Transformations

Unit 13 - Electric Charge & Electric Field
(10 days)
PH.2 a, e - Mathematical Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.10 a - Gravitational, Electric, and Magnetic Forces

Unit 14 - Electric Currents
(10 days)
PH.2 a-d - Data Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.11 a, c-d - Electrical Circuits
PH.12 i - Superconductivity

Unit 15 - DC Circuits
(5 days)
PH.2 a-d - Data Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.7 a - Energy Transformations
PH.11 - Electrical Circuits

Unit 17 - Electromagnetic Induction & Faraday's Law
(5 days)
PH.2 a, e - Mathematical Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.7 a - Energy Transformations
PH.9 a,c - Frequency and Wavelength
PH.10 b - Gravitational, Electric, and Magnetic Forces

Unit 18 - Electromagnetic Waves
(5 days)
PH.2 a - Mathematical Statements
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.9 a,c - Frequency and Wavelength

Unit 19 - Light: Geometric Optics
(10 days)
PH.2 a-d - Data Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.8 - Wave Phenomena
PH.9 a,c - Frequency and Wavelength

Unit 20 - The Special Theory of Relativity
(5 days)
PH.2 a - Mathematical Statements
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.5 a - Mass, Distance, Force, and Time
PH.6 a - Kinetic and Potential Energy
PH.12 c, e - Matter, Energy, & Relativity

Unit 21 - Early Quantum Theory & Models of the Atom
(5 days)
PH.2 a, e - Mathematical Analysis
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.5 a - Mass, Distance, Force, and Time
PH.6 - Conservation of Mass, Energy, Momentum, & Charge
PH.12 a-d - Waves & Energy

Unit 22 - Quantum Mechanics of Atoms
(5 days)
PH.2 a - Mathematical Statements
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.12 d - Quantum Mechanics

Unit 23 - Atomic and Nuclear Physics
(5 days)
PH.2 a - Mathematical Statements
PH.4 - Physics in the Real World
PH.7 - Energy Transformations
PH.9 - Frequency and Wavelength
PH.12 - Non-Newtonian Physics

38 Days 41 Days 52 Days 49 Days