Science - 2017-18

6.9 - Public Policy & the Environment

The student will investigate and understand public policy decisions relating to the environment. Key concepts include

a) management of renewable resources;

b) management of nonrenewable resources;

c) the mitigation of land-use and environmental hazards through preventive measures; and

d) cost/benefit trade-offs in conservation policies.

Bloom's Levels:  Analyze; Understand

Adopted: 2010

BIG IDEAS

  • Both human activities and natural events can have major impacts on the environment.
  • The environment must be preserved and protected in order to thrive.

  • I can compare renewable and nonrenewable resources when determining the cost of energy for the community.
  • I can write policies to protect natural resources.
  • I can develop a plan to protect the environment and save money.

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

  • People, as well as other living organisms, are dependent upon the availability of clean water and air and a healthy environment. 
  • Local, state, and federal governments have significant roles in managing and protecting air, water, plant, and wildlife resources. 
  • Modern industrial society is dependent upon energy. Fossil fuels are the major sources of energy in developed and industrialized nations and should be managed to minimize adverse impacts.
  • Many renewable and nonrenewable resources are managed by the private sector (private individuals and corporations). 
  • Renewable resources should be managed so that they produce continuously. Sustainable development makes decisions about long-term use of the land and natural resources for maximum community benefit for the longest time and with the least environmental damage. 
  • Regulations, incentives, and voluntary efforts help conserve resources and protect environmental quality. 
  • Conservation of resources and environmental protection begin with individual acts of stewardship.
  • Use of renewable (water, air, soil, plant life, animal life) and nonrenewable resources (coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear power, and mineral resources) must be considered in terms of their cost/benefit tradeoffs.
  • Preventive measures, such as pollution prevention or thoughtfully planned and enforced land-use restrictions, can reduce the impact of potential problems in the future. 
  • Pollution prevention and waste management are less costly than cleanup. 

ESSENTIALS

In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

a, b)   differentiate between renewable and nonrenewable resources.

          analyze how renewable and nonrenewable resources are used and managed within the home, school, and community.

c)  describe the role of local and state conservation professionals in managing natural resources. These include wildlife protection; forestry and waste management; and air, water, and soil conservation.

     evaluate the impact of resource use, waste management, and pollution prevention in the school and home environment.

d)  analyze resource-use options in everyday activities and determine how personal choices have costs and benefits related to the generation of waste.

     analyze reports, media articles, and other narrative materials related to waste management and resource use to determine various perspectives concerning the costs/benefits in real-life situations. 

KEY VOCABULARY

renewable resources, nonrenewable resources, conservation, preservation, SPSA, EPA, Inland Game and Fisheries

Updated: Nov 18, 2017