Social Studies - 2017-18

VS.10a - Three Branches of Virginia Government

The student will demonstrate knowledge of government, geography, and economics by

a)  identifying the three branches of Virginia government and the function of each.

Bloom's Level: Remember

Adopted: 2008


A government is the system of people, laws, and officials that define and control the country or political division (i.e., state, city, county) that you live in. 

The governments of the United States and of Virginia are divided into three branches to prevent any one person or branch from getting too much power.

Each branch of government has specific powers and jobs to do.


Virginia state government is made up of three parts (branches) that ensure Virginia laws agree with the state constitution.

What are the three branches of government in Virginia, and what are the powers of each branch?


Draw conclusions and make generalizations. (VS.1d)

The government of Virginia is divided into three branches.

  • The General Assembly is the legislative branch of the Virginia government that makes state laws. It is divided into two parts—the Senate and the House of Delegates.
  • The governor heads the executive branch of the state government. The executive branch makes sure that state laws are carried out.
  • The judicial branch is the state’s court system. The judicial branch decides cases about people accused of breaking the law and whether or not a law agrees with Virginia’s constitution.


Updated: May 11, 2018