Social Studies - 2017-18

VS.9a - Transition from Agricultural Society to Industrialized Society

The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first-century Virginia by

a)  describing the economic and social transition from a rural, agricultural society to a more urban, industrialized society, including the reasons people came to Virginia from other states and countries.

Bloom's Level: Remember, Understand

Adopted: 2008


There are major differences between rural, agricultural societies and urban, industrialized societies.

There are many "pull" factors that motivate people to move to a particular place.

Many factors can cause the growth of a city.

Technology affects many different parts of life.


During the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, Virginia changed from a rural, agricultural society to a more urban, industrialized society.

Why did Virginia change from an agricultural to a more industrialized society?

What caused Virginia’s cities to grow?


Determine cause-and-effect relationships. (VS.1b)

Draw conclusions and make generalizations. (VS.1d)

Make connections between past and present. (VS.1e)

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (VS.1g)

Analyze and interpret maps to explain relationships among landforms, water features, climatic characteristics, and historical events. (VS.1i)

During the early twentieth century, agriculture began to change.

  • Old systems of farming were no longer effective.
  • Crop prices were low.

Growth of Virginia’s cities

  • People moved from rural to urban areas for economic opportunities.
  • Technological developments in transportation (roads, railroads, and streetcars) helped cities grow.
  • Coal mining spurred the growth of Virginia towns and cities as people moved from the countryside to find jobs.

During the twentieth century, Northern Virginia experienced growth due to an increase in the number of federal government jobs located in the region.

In the late twentieth century and the early twenty-first century, Northern Virginia and the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region have grown due to computer technology.

People have moved to Virginia from many other states and countries.


Updated: May 02, 2016