Social Studies - 2017-18

VS.8b - Segregation and Jim Crow

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virginia following the Civil War by

b)  identifying the effects of segregation and “Jim Crow” on life in Virginia for whites, African Americans, and American Indians.

Bloom's Level: remember, understand

Adopted: 2008


People are cruel to other people for many different reasons. (Man's inhumanity to man.)

Prejudice is an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc. It is not based on any logical reason.

Power can cause a person or group to act unfairly to others.

Prejudice can be carried out by laws or just in the way people act toward one another.


The freedoms and rights that had been promised to African Americans were slowly taken away after Reconstruction, and it would take years to win them back.

What impact did “Jim Crow” laws have on whites, African Americans, and American Indians in Virginia?

What happened to the rights of African Americans after Reconstruction?


Determine cause-and-effect relationships. (VS.1b)

Draw conclusions and make generalizations. (VS.1d)

Make connections between past and present. (VS.1e)

Sequence events in Virginia history. (VS.1f)

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (VS.1g)

Terms to know

  • segregation:The separation of people, usually based on race or religion
  • discrimination:An unfair difference in the treatment of people

During Reconstruction, African Americans began to have power in Virginia’s government, and men of all races could vote.

After Reconstruction, these gains were lost when “Jim Crow” laws were passed by southern states. “Jim Crow” laws legally established segregation, or separation of the races, and reinforced prejudices held by whites.

Effect of “Jim Crow” laws on the lives of African Americans and American Indians

  • Unfair poll taxes and voting tests were established to keep African American men from voting.
  • African Americans found it very difficult to vote or hold public office.
  • African Americans were forced to use separate, poor-quality facilities and services, such as drinking fountains, restrooms, and restaurants.
  • African-American and white children attended separate schools.
  • “Jim Crow” laws had an effect on American Indians.


Updated: May 02, 2016