Social Studies - 2017-18
VS.8b - Segregation and Jim Crow
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virginia following the Civil War by
b) identifying the effects of segregation and “Jim Crow” on life in Virginia for whites, African Americans, and American Indians.
Bloom's Level: remember, understand
People are cruel to other people for many different reasons. (Man's inhumanity to man.)
Prejudice is an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc. It is not based on any logical reason.
Power can cause a person or group to act unfairly to others.
Prejudice can be carried out by laws or just in the way people act toward one another.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The freedoms and
rights that had been promised to African Americans were slowly taken away after
Reconstruction, and it would take years to win them back.
What impact did “Jim Crow” laws have on whites, African Americans, and American Indians in Virginia?What happened to the rights of African Americans after Reconstruction?
Determine cause-and-effect relationships. (VS.1b)
Draw conclusions and make generalizations. (VS.1d)
Make connections between past and present. (VS.1e)
Sequence events in Virginia history. (VS.1f)Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (VS.1g)
Terms to know
- segregation:The separation of people, usually based on race or religion
- discrimination:An unfair difference in the treatment of people
During Reconstruction, African Americans began to have power in Virginia’s government, and men of all races could vote.
After Reconstruction, these gains were lost when “Jim Crow” laws were passed by southern states. “Jim Crow” laws legally established segregation, or separation of the races, and reinforced prejudices held by whites.
Effect of “Jim Crow” laws on the lives of African Americans and American Indians
- Unfair poll taxes and voting tests were
established to keep African American men from voting.
- African Americans found it very difficult to
vote or hold public office.
- African Americans were forced to use separate,
poor-quality facilities and services, such as drinking fountains, restrooms,
- African-American and white children attended
- “Jim Crow” laws had an effect on American Indians.