Social Studies - 2017-18

VS.8a - Reconstruction

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virginia following the Civil War by

a)  identifying the effects of Reconstruction on life in Virginia.

Bloom's Level: remember, understand

Adopted: 2008


Following destructive events, people need to rebuild.

There are many different types of rebuilding (reconstruction).

How or if people work together following a crisis, often determines the success of their work.


Virginians faced serious problems in rebuilding the state after the Civil War.

What were some of the problems Virginians faced during the period of Reconstruction following the Civil War?

What measures were taken during Reconstruction to resolve Virginia’s problems?


Determine cause-and-effect relationships. (VS.1b)

Draw conclusions and make generalizations. (VS.1d)

Make connections between past and present. (VS.1e)

Sequence events in Virginia history. (VS.1f)

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (VS.1g)

Terms to know

  • Reconstruction: The period following the Civil War in which Congress passed laws designed to help rebuild the country and bring the southern states back into the Union

Problems faced by Virginians during Reconstruction

  • Millions of freed African Americans needed housing, education, clothing, food, and jobs.
  • Virginia’s economy was in ruins:
    • Money had no value.
    • Banks were closed.
    • Railroads, bridges, plantations, and crops were destroyed.

Measures taken to resolve problems

  • The Freedmen’s Bureau was a government agency that provided food, schools, and medical care for freed African Americans and others in Virginia.
  • Sharecropping was a system common in Virginia after the war in which freedmen and poor white farmers rented land from landowners by promising to pay the owners with a share of the crops.


Updated: May 02, 2016