Social Studies - 2017-18

VS.5b - American Revolution Era Virginians

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the American Revolution by

b)  identifying the various roles played by whites, enslaved African Americans, free African Americans, and American Indians in the Revolutionary War era, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and James Lafayette.

Bloom's Level: Understand

Adopted: 2008

BIG IDEAS

War is a major conflict between groups of people, nations, or states.

Individuals and/or groups can make important contributions to help the side that they support in a war.

In battles and wars, leadership is important.

There are different types of leaders.

People are motivated to fight in a war for different reasons.


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Virginians made significant contributions during the Revolutionary War era.

Whites, enslaved African Americans, free African Americans, and American Indians had various roles during the American Revolution.


What contributions did Virginians make during the Revolutionary War era?

What roles did whites, enslaved African Americans, free African Americans, and American Indians play during the American Revolution?

ESSENTIALS

Identify and interpret artifacts and primary and secondary source documents to understand events in history. (VS.1a)

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (VS.1g)

Varied roles of whites, enslaved African Americans, free African Americans, and American Indians in the Revolutionary War era

  • Virginia patriots served in the Continental Army and fought for independence, leading to the British surrender at Yorktown.
  • Some Virginians were neutral and did not take sides, while other Virginians remained loyal to Great Britain.
  • Women took on more responsibilities to support the war effort.
  • Some enslaved African Americans fought for a better chance of freedom.
  • Some free African Americans fought for independence from Great Britain.
  • Many American Indians fought alongside the Virginia patriots, while others fought with the British.

Contributions of Virginians during the Revolutionary War era

  • George Washington provided military leadership by serving as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
  • Thomas Jefferson provided political leadership by expressing the reasons for colonial independence from Great Britain in the Declaration of Independence.
  • Patrick Henry inspired patriots from other colonies when he spoke out against taxation without representation by saying, “…give me liberty or give me death.”
  • James Lafayette, an enslaved African American from Virginia, served in the Continental Army and successfully requested his freedom after the war.

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: Apr 29, 2016