Social Studies - 2017-18

USII.6b - Prohibition and Great Migration North and West

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the social, economic, and technological changes of the early twentieth century by

b)  describing the social and economic changes that took place, including prohibition and the Great Migration north and west.

Blooms Level: Remember

Adopted: 2008


Big Themes/Concepts: Law & Regulation, Order vs. Chaos, Movement, Rights

Laws cannot control all people's behaviors. 

Society's need for development often creates changes in values. 

People move to different cities for better opportunities for their families. 


Reforms in the early twentieth century could not legislate how all people behaved.

Economic conditions and violence led to the migration of people.

What was prohibition, and how effective was it?

Why did African Americans migrate to northern cities?

What were the economic changes during the early twentieth century?


Prohibition was imposed by a constitutional amendment that made it

illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages.

Results of prohibition

·  Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink alcoholic beverages.

·  Bootleggers made and smuggled alcohol illegally and promoted organized crime.

·  Repealed by the 21st Amendment.

Great Migration north and west

·  Jobs for African Americans in the South were scarce and low paying.

·  African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the South.

·  African Americans moved to cities in the North and Midwest in search of better employment opportunities.

African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the North and Midwest.

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (USII.1d)

Analyze and interpret maps that include major physical features. (USII.1f)


Great Migration, prohibition, speakeasies, bootleggers, 21st Amendment, discrimination, organized crime

Updated: Aug 17, 2017