Social Studies - 2017-18

USII.4d - Industrialization

The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by

d)  explaining the impact of new inventions, the rise of big business, the growth of industry, and life on American farms.

Blooms Level: Understand

Adopted: 2008


The industrialization of the United States created dramatic demographic changes.  

Inventions had both positive and negative effects on society. 

A wealth of natural resources and many new and useful inventions contributed to an industrial boom.


Between the Civil War and World

War I, the United States was transformed from an agricultural to an industrial nation.

Inventions had both positive and negative effects on society.

What inventions created great change and industrial growth in the United States?

What created the rise in big business?

What factors caused the growth of industry?

How did industrialization and the rise in big business influence life on American farms?


Inventions that contributed to great change and industrial growth

·  Electric lighting and mechanical uses of electricity (Thomas Edison)

·  Telephone service (Alexander Graham Bell)

Reasons for the rise and prosperity of big business

·  National markets created by transportation advances

·  Captains of industry (John D. Rockefeller, oil; Andrew Carnegie, steel; Cornelius Vanderbilt, shipping and railroads)

·  Advertising

·  Lower-cost production

Factors that resulted in growth of industry

·  Access to raw materials and energy

·  Availability of work force due to immigration

·  Inventions

·  Financial resources

Examples of big business

·  Railroads

·  Oil

·  Steel

Postwar changes in farm and city life

·  Mechanization (e.g., the reaper) reduced farm labor needs and increased production.

·  Industrial development in cities created increased labor needs.

Industrialization provided new access to consumer goods (e.g., mail order).

Make connections between the past and the present. (USII.1b)

Sequence events in United States history. (USII.1c)

Analyze and interpret maps that include major physical features. (USII.1f)


industrialization, inventions, Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, Cornelius Vanderbilt, mechanization

Updated: Aug 17, 2017