Social Studies - 2017-18

USII.4b - Immigration, Growth and Challenges of Cities

The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by

b)  explaining the reasons for the increase in immigration, growth of cities, and challenges arising from this expansion.

Blooms Level: Understand

Adopted: 2008


Big Themes/Concepts: Freedom, Individual, Movement, Beliefs & Values, Ethnicity, Assimilation, Diffusion, Quality of Life, Identity, Political Systems

People move to different cities for better opportunities for their families. 

The experiences of immigrants during various periods of history have common themes to the immigrants of today. 

People move for a variety of reasons--for new economic opportunities, greater freedoms, or to flee something. 

Growing populations lead to an increased demand for resources. 

People face challenges within cities today. 

Population changes caused conflict among different cultural groups. 

People move to new lands for many reasons. 

Many factors influence where immigrants will live in the new lands. 

Immigrants face challenges in their new surroundings. 

Conflicts can arise over immigration. 

Immigrants maintain old traditions and develop new traditions. 

Immigrants make contributions to their new cultures.


Population changes, growth of cities, and new inventions produced interaction and often conflict between different cultural groups.

Population changes, growth of cities, and new inventions produced problems in urban areas.

Why do people leave their homelands and move to new places? 

What factors might someone think about before deciding to immigrate? 

What challenges do immigrants face in their new homes? 

What makes immigration easier for some and harder for others? 

How can immigration lead to conflict? 

How do immigrants contribute to their new countries? 

What factors influence an immigrant’s chance of success in a new country? 

What causes some citizens to make immigrants feel unwelcome? 

Why might citizens have different viewpoints on immigration? 

How has immigration shaped our nation? 

Do people migrate today for the same reasons as in the past? 

Is America still a land of opportunity for immigrants?

Why did immigration increase?

Why did cities grow and develop?

What challenges faced Americans as a result of these social and technological changes?


Reasons for the increase in immigration

·  Hope for better opportunities

·  Desire for religious freedom

·  Escape from oppressive governments

·  Desire for adventure

Reasons why cities grew and developed

·  Specialized industries, including steel (Pittsburgh) and meat packing (Chicago)

·  Immigration to America from other countries

·  Movement of Americans from rural to urban areas for job opportunities

Rapid industrialization and urbanization led to overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements.

Efforts to solve immigration problems

·  Settlement houses, such as Hull House founded by Jane Addams

·  Political machines that gained power by attending to the needs of new immigrants (e.g., jobs, housing)

Discrimination against immigrants

·  Chinese

·  Irish

Challenges faced by cities

·  Tenements and ghettos

Political corruption (political machines)

Make connections between the past and the present. (USII.1b)

Sequence events in United States history. (USII.1c)

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (USII.1d)

Analyze and interpret maps that include major physical features. (USII.1f)


immigration, expansion, urbanization, settlement houses, Hull House, Jane Addams, tenements, ghettos, corruption. 

Updated: Aug 17, 2017