Social Studies - 2017-18

USII.3b - The Effect of Reconstruction on American Life

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the effects of Reconstruction on American life by

b)  describing the impact of Reconstruction policies on the South and North.

Blooms Level: Remember

Adopted: 2008


Big Themes/Concepts: Reconciliation, Freedom, Conflict, Cooperation, Values & Beliefs, Culture, Power, Authority

The nation tried to heal during the years after the Civil War.

Reconstruction policies hurt the country's ability to heal from the Civil War. 

Even when conflict occurs, resolution can still happen.

People have different ways or perspectives on how to solve problems. 


The Reconstruction policies were harsh and created problems in the South.

Reconstruction attempted to give meaning to the freedom that former enslaved African Americans had achieved.

What were the Reconstruction policies for the South?


Reconstruction policies and problems

·  Southern military leaders could not hold office.

·  African Americans could hold public office.

·  African Americans gained equal rights as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which also authorized the use of federal troops for its enforcement.

·  Northern soldiers supervised the South.

·  The Freedmen’s Bureau was established to aid former enslaved African Americans in the South.

·  Southerners resented Northern “carpetbaggers,” who took advantage of the South during Reconstruction.

·  Southern states adopted Black Codes to limit the economic and physical freedom of former slaves.

End of Reconstruction

·  Reconstruction ended in 1877 as a result of a compromise over the outcome of the election of 1876.

·  Federal troops were removed from the South.

Rights that African Americans had gained were lost through “Jim Crow” laws.

Analyze and interpret primary and secondary source documents to increase understanding of events and life in United States history. (USII.1a)

Sequence events in United States history. (USII.1c)

Interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives. (USII.1d)


Reconstruction, Civil Rights Act of 1866, Freedmen's Bureau, carpetbaggers, 13th amendment, slavery, territories, 14th amendment, citizenship, 15th amendment, Jim Crow laws, legacy, Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, Frederick Douglass, reconciliation, Union, constitutional amendment, civil liberties, discrimination, racial segregation, Booker T. Washington, vocational education, W.E.B DuBois, 

Updated: Aug 17, 2017