Social Studies - 2017-18

VS.2c - Water Features

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and native peoples, past and present, of Virginia by

c)  locating and identifying water features important to the early history of Virginia (Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake Bay, James River, York River, Potomac River, Rappahannock River, and Lake Drummond and the Dismal Swamp).

Bloom's Level:  Remember, Understand

Adopted: 2008

BIG IDEAS

·  Water is a basic need for human survival

·  Oceans, bays, lakes, rivers, and other bodies of water provide people with food and water.

·  Bodies of water can be a means of travel and communication.

·  Bodies of water can be a form of protection.

·  Town and cities frequently start at points on rivers (or other bodies of water) where ships (boats, canoes, etc.) have natural stopping points.


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

Water features were important to the early history of Virginia.

Many early Virginia cities developed along the Fall Line, the natural border between the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and the Piedmont regions, where the land rises sharply and waterfalls prevent further travel on the river.

The four major rivers that flow into the Chesapeake Bay are separated by peninsulas.

The Chesapeake Bay separates the Eastern Shore from the mainland of Virginia.


Which water features were important to the early history of Virginia?

How did water features influence the development of Virginia?

How did the flow of rivers affect the settlement of Virginia?

What is a peninsula?

Where is the Eastern Shore located?

ESSENTIALS

Determine cause-and effect-relationships. (VS.1b)

Compare and contrast historical events. (VS.1c)

Draw conclusions and make generalizations. (VS.1d)

Analyze and interpret maps to explain relationships among landforms, water features, and historical events. (VS.1i)

Terms to know

  • peninsula: A piece of land bordered by water on three sides

Water features

  • Atlantic Ocean
    • Provided transportation links between Virginia and other places (e.g., Europe, Africa, Caribbean)
  • Chesapeake Bay
    • Provided a safe harbor
    • Was a source of food and transportation
  • James River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Richmond and Jamestown located along the James River
  • York River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Yorktown located along the York River
  • Potomac River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Alexandria located along the Potomac River
  • Rappahannock River
    • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
    • Fredericksburg located on the Rappahannock River
Each river was a source of food and provided a pathway for exploration and settlement of Virginia.

  • Lake Drummond
    • Located in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region
    • Shallow natural lake surrounded by the Dismal Swamp
  • Dismal Swamp
    • Located in the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region
    • Variety of wildlife

George Washington explored and surveyed the Dismal Swamp.

The Eastern Shore is a peninsula bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

KEY VOCABULARY

Peninsula, James River, York River, Potomac River, Rappahannock River, Richmond, Yorktown, Alexandria, Fredericksburg, Lake Drummond, Dismal Swamp, Eastern Shore


Updated: Feb 19, 2016