#### Math - 2017-18

# G.3cd and *G.3cd - Symmetry and Transformations

**G.3 ** The student will **use **pictorial representations, including computer
software, constructions, and coordinate methods, to **solve **problems involving
symmetry and transformation. This will include

c) investigating symmetry and determining whether a figure is symmetric with respect to a line or a point; and

d) determining whether a figure has been translated, reflected, rotated, or dilated, using coordinate methods.

G.3The student willsolveproblems involving symmetry and transformation. This will includec)

investigatingsymmetry anddeterminingwhether a figure is symmetric with respect to a line or a point;d)

determiningwhether a figure has been translated, reflected, rotated, or dilated, using coordinate methods.

**Bloom's Level:** Evaluate

*Adopted: 2009*

### BIG IDEAS

- I
can build a balanced bike using symmetry and determine a pattern to create my own fabric. I can design a wallpaper pattern, tile a
floor, create a quilt, and piece together a stain glass window.

- I will apply slope as rate of change where one value
changing proportionately effects the other value, and the pattern of this
relationship can be represented by a line that facilitates analysis and
prediction. I will understand
that an ordered pair represents a unique location in space and be able to find
specific locations on a grid and see how moving an object does not change its
size or shape.

### UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

- Transformations and combinations of
transformations can be used to describe movement of objects in a plane.
- The distance formula is an application of the
Pythagorean Theorem.
- Geometric figures can be represented in the
coordinate plane.
- Techniques for investigating symmetry may
include paper folding, coordinate methods, and dynamic geometry software.
- Parallel lines have the same slope.
- The product of the slopes of perpendicular lines
is -1.
- The image of an object or function graph after
an isomorphic transformation is congruent to the preimage of the object.

· Symmetry and transformations can be explored with computer software, paper folding, and coordinate methods.

· The distance formula is an application of the Pythagorean Theorem.

· Geometric figures can be represented in the coordinate plane.

· Parallel lines have the same slope.

· The product of the slopes of perpendicular lines is −1 unless one of the lines has an undefined slope.

· A transformation of a figure, called a preimage, changes the size, shape, and/or position of the figure to a new figure called the image.

· Transformations and combinations of transformations can be used to describe movement of objects in a plane.

· The image of an object or function graph after an isomorphic transformation is congruent to the preimage of the object.

A rotation is an isomorphic transformation in which an image is formed by rotating the preimage about a point called the center of rotation. The center of rotation may or may not be on the preimage. Rotations may be more than 180⁰.

A reflection is an isomorphic transformation in which an image is formed by reflecting the preimage over a line called the line of reflection. All corresponding points in the image are equidistant from the line of reflection.A translation is an isomorphic transformation in which an image is formed by moving every point on the preimage the same distance in the same direction.

A dilation is a transformation in which an image is formed by enlarging or reducing the preimage proportionally by a scale factor from the center of dilation. The center of dilation may or may not be on the preimage. The image is similar to the preimage.### ESSENTIALS

G.3c_{1}
**Determine** whether a figure
has point symmetry, line symmetry, both, or neither.

· G.3c_{1} **Determine**
whether a figure has point symmetry, line symmetry, both, or neither.

G.3d_{1} Given an image and preimage, **identify** the transformation that has
taken place as a reflection, rotation, dilation, or translation.

·
G.3d_{1} Given an image and preimage, **identify** the transformation or
combination of transformations that has/have occurred. Transformations include:

a translation;

a reflection over any
horizontal or vertical line or the lines *y*
= *x* or *y* = −*x*;

a clockwise or counter clockwise rotation of 90°, 180°, 270°, or 360°on a coordinate grid where the center of rotation is limited to the origin; and

a dilation from a fixed point on a coordinate grid.

### KEY VOCABULARY

pictorial
representation, computer software, constructions, coordinate method, number
line, symmetry, transformation, distance, midpoint, slope, distance formula,
midpoint formula, slope formula, line, parallel, perpendicular, line symmetry,
point symmetry, point, translation, reflection, rotation, dilation, image, pre-image,
coordinates, endpoints, combination, plane, Pythagorean Theorem, line segment,
geometric figure, coordinate plane, product, function, isomorphic/isometry,
congruent

*Updated: Oct 27, 2017*