Social Studies - 2017-18
GOVT.13a, b, c, d - World Governments and Economies Comparison to the United States Governments and Economies
The student will apply social science skills to understand how world governments and economies compare and contrast with the government and the economy in the United States by
a) describing the distribution of governmental power;
b) explaining the relationship between the legislative and executive branches;
c) comparing and contrasting the extent of participation in the political process; and
d) comparing contrasting economic systems.
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
Participation in the political process reflects the degree to which governmental power is limited.
Different economies have different
degrees of government involvement.
The two most common ways to organize institutions of the central government
A federal system of government (e.g., United States, Mexico): Powers are shared between levels of government; powers are separated and shared among the branches of the national government.
A unitary system of government (e.g., the United Kingdom, the People’s Republic of China): All governmental power is vested in the central government, which may choose to delegate some of its authority; this type of government often has a parliamentary system. The legislative branch holds both legislative and executive powers. The executive is chosen by the legislature.
Limited governments have restraints on power and encourage broad-based participation in the political process.
Governments of unlimited power (authoritarian governments) place no limits on the power wielded by one person or small group.
Economic systems vary based on the degree to which the government intervenes in the marketplace. In some countries, the government controls the means of production, goods, services, and resources.
The key factor in determining the type of economy a country has is the extent of government involvement in economic