Social Studies - 2017-18
GOVT.10a - Organization, Jurisdiction, and Proceedings of Federal Courts
The student will social science skills to understand the federal judiciary by
a) describing the organization, jurisdiction, and proceedings of federal courts;
UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD
The United States has a court system
whose jurisdiction is derived from the
Constitution of the United States and
Article III of the Constitution of the United States and federal laws establish the jurisdictions of the federal court.
Congress created various federal courts beneath the United States Supreme Court.
Types of jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction: The authority of a court to hear a case first
Appellate jurisdiction: The authority of a court to review decisions of a trial court
Exclusive jurisdiction: Refers to the power of a court to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of other courts solely based on the issue of the case
Concurrent jurisdiction: Congress allows some cases to be tried in either federal or state courts (e.g., cases between citizens of different states)
Jurisdiction of regular federal courts
United States Supreme Court: Appellate and limited original
United States Court of Appeals: Appellate
United States District Court: Original
The Supreme Court of the United States is the court of last resort. It hears appeals from federal, state, and special courts.