Social Studies - 2017-18

GOVT.9e - Policy Implementation by the Bureaucracy at Each Level

The student will apply social science skills to understand the process by which public policy is made by 

e) investigating and evaluating the process by which policy is implemented by the bureaucracy at each level; 

Adopted: 2015



Public policy is primarily implemented by bureaucracies at the national, state, and local levels. 


Bureaucracy consists of government agencies responsible for the implementation, administration, and regulation of policy. 

At all levels of government, employees of public agencies conduct the day-to-day operation of government and carry out public policy. 

Bureaucracies shape the meaning of laws passed by legislatures through rule making and help to draft new bills for lawmakers. Some bureaucrats shape policy by providing information and advice to the executive branches of government. 

Levels of bureaucracy 

 National 

o Cabinet departments 

o Office of the president 

o Federal agencies 

 Virginia 

o Cabinet departments 

o Office of the governor 

o State agencies 

 Local 

o County/city agencies 

o Regional authorities


Updated: May 17, 2017