Social Studies - 2017-18

GOVT.2b - Magna Carta, the English Petition of Rights, and the English Bill of Rights

The student will apply social science skills to understand the political philosophies that shaped the development of Virginia and United States constitutional government by 

b) explaining the influence of the Magna Carta, the English Petition of Rights, and the English Bill of Rights;

Adopted: 2015

BIG IDEAS

Big Themes/Concepts: Origins

How does a country's political origins impact how it operates today?

How does the Constitution reflect the times in which it was written?


UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

The United States and Virginia constitutional systems of government incorporated ideas from the Magna Carta, the English Petition of Rights, and the English Bill of Rights. 

ESSENTIALS

Magna Carta 

  • Limited power of government 
  • Fundamental rights 
  • Trial by jury 
  • Due process of law 

English Petition of Rights 

  • Early document supporting the idea that men have rights and establishing the concept of rule of law 
  • Included basic rights: 
    • Guarantee of trial by jury 
    • Protection against martial law 
    • Protection against quartering of troops 
    • Protection of private property 

English Bill of Rights 

  • Limited power of the monarch 
  • No standing army in peacetime 
  • Free elections 
  • Right of petition 
  • Parliamentary checks on power

KEY VOCABULARY

Updated: Jun 22, 2017